Exploring Real Estate: A Beginner’s Guide to Land and Buildings in India

Real estate is pretty much about places you can own or use — from the house you live in, to the place you work, the shops you visit, and even the parks where you relax. Think of it as the ground and all the buildings on it, like family homes, offices, and shopping centres. These places are where life happens: where families grow, businesses flourish, and communities gather.

Now, real estate isn’t just one thing; it’s got variety. There are homes where we live (that’s called “residential”), places where we shop or do business (“commercial”), and big areas for making things or storing stuff (“industrial”). It’s a big deal because it’s not only about buying or selling these spots but also about creating spaces that meet what people and businesses need.

Let’s dive into something fun: understanding real estate better by looking at land and buildings, especially how people in India see and organize them.

(I’ll keep it light and straightforward, so you’ll get the hang of it in no time!)

Land in India

Land, the first type of real estate, is basically the surface of the earth. However, when we talk about owning land, it often includes not just the surface but also what lies above and below it. In India, land can be categorised into several types based on its use and ownership rights:

1. Agricultural Land: This is land dedicated to farming and cultivation. India, with its vast and diverse agricultural landscape, has a significant portion of its land under agriculture. These lands are used for growing crops and rearing livestock, and the ownership often comes with specific government regulations regarding sale and conversion for non-agricultural purposes.

2. Residential Land: These are plots designated for housing. Residential lands can be found in cities, towns, and villages, varying greatly in size and value, especially between rural and urban areas. In urban areas, such lands are in high demand for individual houses or multi-story apartment complexes.

3. Commercial Land: This type of land is used for business purposes. It includes spaces for shops, offices, hotels, and other establishments that engage in commercial activities. The value of commercial land is usually higher than that of agricultural or residential land due to its potential to generate income.

4. Industrial Land: Allocated for manufacturing and other industrial activities, these lands house factories, warehouses, and special economic zones (SEZs). The Indian government often provides incentives for industries to set up operations in certain areas, impacting the classification and value of these lands.

Investing in land in India is like putting your money in a treasure chest that grows more valuable with time. Here’s why it’s a smart move:

1. Always in Demand: People are always looking for land to build homes, start businesses, or farm. This means the land you buy today could be worth a lot more tomorrow because everyone needs land for something.

2. Limited Supply: There’s only so much land out there, and no one’s making more of it. As cities grow and more people move in, the piece of land you own becomes even more precious and scarce. The availability of land as a resource on our planet is truly limited in nature. Remember, one cannot manufacture land! 

3. Versatility: With land, you’re free to decide. You can sell it later at a higher price, lease it to someone else for a steady income, or even develop it into a farm, a house, or a shop. Its versatile nature makes it a lucrative investment option. 

4. Tax Benefits: In some cases, owning land can offer tax advantages, saving you money.

5. Safety: Investing in land is considered safer than many other investments. It’s tangible – you can see it and touch it – making it a reliable asset to hold onto.

In simple terms, buying land in India is a secure way to invest your money with the potential for big rewards down the line.

Buildings in India

Buildings, the second type of real estate, are structures constructed on land. They can vary immensely in design, size, and purpose. In India, buildings can be broadly classified into:

1. Residential Buildings: These are structures designed for people to live in. They range from single-family homes, bungalows, and villas to apartment complexes and high-rise condominiums. The trend and type of residential buildings vary significantly from urban to rural areas, with urban areas seeing a rise in apartment living due to space constraints.

2. Commercial Buildings: These include structures used for commercial purposes, such as office buildings, shopping malls, retail stores, and hotels. Commercial buildings are designed to cater to businesses and are equipped with facilities to serve their specific needs. They are crucial for the economic development of an area.

3. Industrial Buildings: Industrial buildings are constructed for manufacturing, storage, and distribution of goods. Factories, warehouses, and workshops fall under this category. These buildings are typically located in designated industrial areas and are built to accommodate heavy machinery and equipment.

4. Mixed-Use Buildings: A growing trend in urban India, mixed-use buildings serve both residential and commercial purposes. For example, a building might have retail shops on the ground floor, offices on the next few floors, and apartments or hotels above. This efficient use of space caters to the diverse needs of urban populations.

Investing in buildings in India can be a smart move for several reasons.

Firstly, it’s a great way to earn regular income. If you own an apartment or a commercial space, you can rent it out and get monthly payments. This can be a steady source of money, helping you financially in the long run.

Secondly, the value of buildings usually goes up over time. So, if you decide to sell your property after a few years, you might get a lot more money than what you initially paid. This is because cities and towns are growing, and more people are looking for places to live and work, making buildings more in demand.

For example, if you buy an apartment in a city like Bangalore, which is known for its IT industry, there’s a high chance that many professionals will be interested in renting your place. This not only ensures you get regular rent but also that the value of your apartment increases over time due to the high demand in the area.

Understanding real estate, especially the distinction between land and buildings and their types, is crucial not just for potential investors but for anyone interested in the spaces we live in and interact with. In India, the diversity in both land and buildings reflects the country’s rich cultural, economic, and geographic complexity . From the agricultural fields that feed the nation to the bustling cities that drive its economy, real estate plays a pivotal role in shaping the environment and the lives of its people.

If you’re fascinated by the world of buildings and lands, and dream of making a mark in real estate, then Edstate’s Real Estate Mastery Course is your golden ticket! Imagine diving into a 6-month adventure where you get to learn everything about real estate from the best in the business. Picture 150+ hours packed with secrets and tips, taught by experts who’ve been in the game for over 40 years.

But that’s not all. You’ll also get special access to tons of learning materials and get your questions answered anytime you’re stuck. This course is like having a treasure map that guides you through the maze of real estate, helping you to start a successful career.

So, if you’re ready to explore the exciting world of real estate and unlock your potential, join us at Edstate’s Real Estate Mastery Course.

It’s more than just a course; it’s your first step towards becoming a real estate pro!